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Families Quarters Locations - Kineton

By SPP Reporter

Kineton Station Local Information

Kineton Station consists of Defence Munitions Kineton and Defence Explosive Ordnance Disposal, Munitions and Search Training Regiment (DEMS Trg Regt).The camp is called Marlborough Barracks, the main entrance is situated on the B4100 approx 3 miles in the direction of between Banbury from junction 12 on the M40. Kineton Station is approx 10 miles from Banbury, 12 miles from Warwick and 11 miles from Leamington Spa. Stratford upon Avon sits about 20 miles away. Kineton village is approx 4 miles from the main gate.

Historical Background

Base Ammunition Depot was built in 1942 exactly 300 years after one of the most famous battles in our history was fought over ground now covered by the Depot. The “Battle of Edgehill’’ was the first major battle of the Civil War 1642 - 1646. It took place on 23 October 1642. The battle is described later in this section.

The site was first developed by the MOD in order to store ammunition in advance of the eventually successful invasion of Europe. Originally named Marlborough Farm Camp, after the farm that was then situated there, the site was renamed Temple Herdewyke when the new FQs estate was completed in 1970.

The title Marlborough Barracks was accorded to coincide with the birth of RLC on 5April1993.The original village of Temple Herdewyke (or Hardwyke) was one of several in the area depopulated in the Middle Ages to provide more grazing ground for sheep for the thriving wool industry of the times. Across the road (A4100) from the main gate can be seen standing on Burton Hills a beacon, one of several used in olden days for communication between different parts of the country. Local legend has it that it was used on the night of the battle of Edgehill.

Temple Herdewyke Crest.

In April 1970 approval was given to the use of the Temple Herdewyke badge as a crest but not as Armorial Bearings. The Crest links historically the present village with the medieval village of Temple Herdewyke which ceased to exist in the Middle Ages. The rst quarter is the device worn on the left sleeve of the surcloak by the Knights Templar and is traditionally associated with the Knights of the Crusades.

The second quarter is the “or two bends gules’’ device from the family arms of Sir Ralph de Sudeley, who gave the lands of Hardwick to the Templars in 1285. The third and fourth quarters – three cannons and cannonballs – are the shield of the arms of the Board of Ordnance and formed part of what was the RAOC thus illustrating the role of DSDA Kineton.

The Families Quarters

Our families reside within Temple Herdewyke village, which is adjacent to Marlborough Bks and is accessible from a side gate as well as the main gate. Both are within walking distance. The roads are named after leading personalities of the Battle of Edgehill.

Officers Quarters

Prince Rupert Close. Named after probably the most colourful personality of the Civil War. A nephew of King Charles I, he was general of the King’s horse at the Battle of Edgehill and personally commanded the right wing of 4 regiments of horse. He broke the whole left ank of the Parliamentary Army consisting of 42 troops of horse and one whole brigade (4 regiments) of foot in the initial charge, but failed to control the Cavaliers who charged headlong in pursuit of the broken enemy through the streets of Kineton instead of regrouping and attacking the enemy in the rear.Thus a chance of a decisive victory was lost. He was only 22 years old at the time of the battle.

Wentworth Avenue. Col Henry Wentworth commanded a brigade of Royalist foot consisting of 3 regiments of foot on the left ank of the Royalist Army. 

Soldiers Quarters

Stuart Gardens. Lord Bernard Stuart commanded the King’s Lifeguard (Horse) which took part in the charge led by Prince Ruperton the right wing. This was one of the many mistakes made by the Royalist command, as normally the King’s Lifeguard would have stayed close to His Majesty and would therefore have been in a position to avert the disaster that followed. Lord Bernard Stuart (then Earl of Licheld) was killed at the Battle of Rowton Heath on 24th September 1645.

Stapledon Green. Sir Phillip Stapledon commanded the Lord General’s regiment of horse at the battle and was responsible, together with Sir William Balfour’s regiment of horse, in making the decisive charges that broke the main body of Royalist foot. It is of interest to note that Captain Oliver Cromwell commanded a troop of 60 horse in the regiment but arrived too late to take part in the battle.

Essex Green. Robert Devereaux, third Earl of Essex (b. 1591), Captain General of the Parliamentary Army, i.e. its Commander in Chief. A general of some considerable experience, and comrade-in-arms in better times of Lindsay and Astley, opposed to him on the King’s side. Blamed by historians for hesitation before, during and after the battle, but due allowance should be given to the fact that he was ghting his own King, and that defeat would certainly have resulted in his execution for treason (a fate that had befallen his father, the more famous second Earl of Essex, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I).

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